ENT Surgery

Written by David on . Posted in rsurgery

Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) is the branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the head and neck.

The full name of the specialty is otorhinolaryngology;[1] the full term otorhinolaryngology literally means "the study of ear and throat".

Practitioners are called and professionally designated by the more accurate term otolaryngologists–head and neck surgeons, as specialists trained in otolaryngology are experts in surgical conditions of the head & neck. Some people refer to it simply as head and neck surgery. 

Some ENT surgeons have advanced fellowship training in Pediatric Otolaryngology or Facial Plastics or several other disciplines.


Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD, DO, MBBS, MBChB, etc.) who, in the United States, complete at least five years of surgical residency training. This is composed of one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology–head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each.

Following residency training some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can be 1–2 years in duration (pediatric otolaryngology,[4] neuro-otology, laryngology, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, rhinology, or head and neck oncology).[citation needed]



Head and neck Facial plastics Otology Neuro-otology* Rhinology/sinus Laryngology Pediatrics* Sleep*
Surgical oncology Facial cosmetic surgery Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice therapy Velopalatine insufficiency
Reconstruction Maxillofacial Hearing Temporal bone Allergy Phono-surgery Cleft lip and palate
Endocrine surgery Trauma   Skull base Anterior skull base   Airway
      Dizziness Apnea and snoring   Vascular malformations
            Cochlear implant/BAHA

(* Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)

Topics in otolaryngology, head and neck surgery



Head and Neck Oncology

Otology and neuro-otology


Rhinology pertains to sinus diseases and the anterior skull base.



Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery is a one-year fellowship open to otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons who wish to specialize in the aesthetic and reconstructive surgery of the head, face, and neck.

At Red Rock Surgery Center, here in Las Vegas, we have surgeons that can address the vast majority of these conditions.  Just call for a referral  702-227-5848