A bunion is a common problem that manifests as a bony bump at the base of your big toe on the on the inside edge. It is caused when the affected bones that connect to your big toe move out of place. The displacement causes the tip of your big toe to angle toward the smaller toes resulting in a protrusion of the bones at the base of your big toe. The skin over this area is often red and sore and swollen.
It is likely that wearing tight, pointed shoes might cause bunions or even make them worse. Bunions can also develop as a result of other conditions including arthritis.
Smaller bunions (bunionettes) can develop on the joint of your little toe.
The signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
- A bulging bump on the of the side at the base of your big toe
- Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
- Corns or calluses — these often develop where the first and second toes rub against each other
- Ongoing pain or intermittent pain
- Stiffness and limited movement of your big toe
When to see a doctor
Many bunions require no medical treatment. If you are experiencing discomfort or trouble walking, see your doctor or a doctor who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist) :
We have a number of foot specialists on staff including Dr. Borgia, Dr. Brody, Dr. Cohen, Dr. Bregman, and Dr. Ricciardi. Each doctor has extensive experience with a variety of forefoot surgeries including Bunions and hammer toes. A simple call, (702) 227-5848, to the center will identify a doctor best suited to evaluate your problem. It is time to seek medical attention when you have:
- Ongoing big toe or foot pain
- A visible bump on your big toe joint
- Decreased movement of your big toe or foot
- Difficulty finding shoes that fit properly because of a bunion
Causes and Risk Factors
Althouth the cause is unknown, it makes sense that constant stress with shoes that crowd the toes can contribute to the formation of Bunions. There may be hereditary factors, injuries, or deformities, inflamation (arthritis) that contribute as well. development of bunions.
Possible complications of bunions include:
- Bursitis. This painful condition occurs when the small fluid-filled pads that cushion the bones near your joints become inflamed.
- Hammertoe. An abnormal bend that occurs in the middle joint of a toe, usually the toe next to your big toe, can cause pain and pressure.
- Metatarsalgia. This condition causes pain and swelling in the ball of your foot.
To help prevent bunions, choose shoes carefully. They should have a wide toe box — no pointy toes — and there should be space between the tip of your longest toe and the end of the shoe.
Your shoes should conform to the shape of your feet without squeezing or pressing any part of your foot.